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Grand Logistiks EOOD

0700 20 255at the price of a local call

Sea transport

“Grand Logistiks” EOOD provides different types of shipping containers in the maritime transport organization (from/to: all destinations) for your Import/Export business. Maritime transport is one of the most globalized and cheapest methods of freight transport used worldwide.

“Grand Logistiks” EOOD will offer the most efficient scheme for you and choose the most reliable shipping carriers for each consignment reaching any destinations around the world, consistent with current market conditions.

In order to avoid misunderstandings and vagueness in the freight transportation negotiation, uniform rules for the interpretation and implementation of trade terms have been established. These might differ to the extent of the liabilities and responsibilities of the parties to a contract.

The price formation process is influenced by the geographic location (station, port, etc.) to which the Seller will be held responsible and any costs that are related to the freight transport, loading/unloading at terminals, transhipment sites, etc.. Thus, the price offered to the Seller will cover the above responsibilities. The Liability for Goods/Freight Loss or Damage will be borne by the Buyer, as per the agreed location.

Rules for Any Mode or Modes of Transportation:

  • EXW / EX Works (named place)
  • FAS / Free Alongside Ship (named port of shipment)
  • FOB / Free On Board (named port of shipment)
  • CFR / Cost and Freight (named port of destination)
  • CIF / Cost, Insurance and Freight (named port of destination)
  • CPT / Carriage Paid To (named place of destination)
  • CIP / Carriage and Insurance Paid То (named place of destination)
  • DAT / Delivered at Terminal (named terminal at port or place of destination)
  • DAP / Delivered at Place (named place of destination)
  • DDP / Delivered Duty Paid (named place of destination) 

The seven rules defined by Incoterms 2010 for general modes of transportation are:

EXW – Ex Works (named place of delivery)
The seller makes the goods available at its premises. The buyer is responsible for unloading. This term places the maximum obligation on the buyer and minimum obligation on the seller. The Ex Works term is often used when making an initial quotation for the sale of goods without any costs included. EXW means that a seller has the goods ready for collection at its premises (works, factory, warehouse, plant) on the date agreed upon. The buyer pays all transportation costs and also bears the risks for bringing the goods to their final destination. The seller doesn’t load the goods on collecting vehicles and doesn’t clear them for export. If the seller does load the good, the seller does so at buyer’s risk and cost. If both parties agree that the seller should be responsible for the loading of the goods on departure and to bear the risk and all costs of such loading, this must be made clear by adding explicit wording to this effect in the Contract of Sale.  

FCA – Free Carrier (named place of delivery)
The seller hands over the goods, cleared for export, into the custody of the first carrier (named by the  buyer) at the named place. The seller pays for carriage to the named point of delivery, and risk passes when the goods are handed over to the first carrier.

CPT – Carriage Paid To (named place of destination).
The seller pays for carriage to the named point of destination, but risk passes when the goods are handed over to the first carrier at the place of import.

CIP – Carriage and Insurance Paid (To) (named place of destination)
The containerized transport/multimodal equivalent of CIF. The seller pays for carriage and insurance to the  named destination point, but risk passes when the goods are handed over to the first carrier.

DAT / Delivered at Terminal (named terminal at port or place of destination)
The seller pays for carriage to the terminal, except for costs related to import clearance, and bears all risks up to the point that the goods are unloaded at the terminal.

DAP / Delivered at Place (named place of destination)
The seller pays for carriage to the named place, except for costs related to import clearance, and bears all risks prior to the point that the goods are ready for unloading by the buyer.

DDP / Delivered Duty Paid (named place of destination)
The seller is responsible for delivering the goods to the named place in the country of the buyer, and pays all costs in bringing the goods to the destination including import duties and taxes. The buyer is responsible for unloading. This term is often used in place of the non-Incoterm “Free In Store (FIS)”. This term places the maximum obligations on the seller and minimum obligations on the buyer.  Maritime transport includes FCL and LCL services. FCL means ‘Full Container Load’ and LCL means ‘Less Container Load.

Types of Shipping Container according to the Freight and Mode of Shipment:
Standard Container: 20’ and 40’ General Purpose / Dry Van - suitable for all types of commodities.
Open Top Container:  20’ and 40’  – having either a hard or soft top that can be lifted off and used for bulk goods to be loaded by crane.
Reefer Container or Refrigerated Container:  20’ and 40’ - suitable for commodities requiring temperature controlled conditions. It is fitted with a refrigeration unit which is connected to the carrying ship's electrical power supply. Due to the aggregate in one end, the compartmental case volume is smaller.
Flat Rack Container: 20’ and 40’ - suitable for heavy loads and oversized cargo without side walls along their length.

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